Published in 1843 the Ninth Annual Report of the Poor Law Commissioners continues to chart the hardship and distress of many of the destitute and the working classes. The report focuses primarily on England and Wales but there is some information for Ireland too.
The early part of the report by the Commissioners focuses England and Wales and on how the situation has changed since the previous report. What is immediately clear from the report is that declining demand for manufactured goods had lead to many being made unemployed in the manufacturing districts, among them Leeds, Bradford, Sheffield, Staffordshire, Warwickshire and Shropshire, creating enormous difficulty for the Poor Law Unions and Parishes in those areas and putting huge strain on their resources. The remainder of the report on England and Wales looks at ways to amend the Poor Relief Laws to allow for standardisation across the country as well as the better operation of the poor relief system.
The Irish part of the report beings with an update on the construction of workhouses in Ireland moves on to the often occurring seasonal shortage in potatoes, which they point out is often exacerbated by people hording large stores of the crop at time so need in the hope of selling them at "famine prices". The reminder of the Irish report deals mainly with rates and expenditure.
Appendix A of the report deals with individual reports from Assistant Commissioners from the following places, the Chorlton Union, the City of Exeter, Salisbury, the city of Bristol, Canterbury, Oxford, Birmingham, Covnetry, Kingston-Upon Hull, as well as several other parishes and unions. Appendix B deals with various orders, explanations, letters and minutes of the various commissioners in England, Wales and Ireland. Appendix C deals covers tables and returns and Appendix D covers the Poor Rate Returns for England.
For anyone with an interest in how the huge numbers of unemployed and poor of England, Wales and Ireland lived at this time, and how the government planned to alleviate the hardship, this is an essential and fascinating publication.
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Published in 1846 the Twelfth Annual Report of the Poor Law Commissioners continues to chart the hardship and distress of many of the destitute and the working classes. The report focuses primarily on England and Wales but there is some information for Ireland too. This report is important because it is the first full report since the widespread failure of the potato crop in 1845.
Much of the report of the commissioners for England and Wales is made up of accounts and technical breakdowns of points of law, there some interesting notes on the increase in labour as well as increases in sponsored emigration, particularly to Australia. There are also several reported cases of infanticide, committed by mothers of illegitimate children. Much of the nature of the Irish section of the report is similar to the England and Wales report. The report does remark that "the financial state of the Unions in Ireland has never been more satisfactory". And while there is not a lot of ink devoted to the potato failure it is noted that the numbers in the workhouses had increased week on week for the year.
The Appendices to the report provide a huge amount of information. Appendix A covers the various orders, circular letters and reports, including a report on the failure of the potato crop and the effect on labourers. Appendix B covers the various table and returns. While Appendix C is an account of the money levied and expended by the Poor Law Unions for the year ending 1845. The report is completed with a plan of a workhouse site and buildings in Ireland as well as a sketch of a temporary fever ward.
For anyone with an interest in how the huge numbers of unemployed and poor of England, Wales and Ireland lived at this time, and how the government planned to alleviate the hardship, this is an essential and fascinating publication, particularly at it marks the beginning of a long struggle with the failure of the potato crop.
Republished here is the Thirty Ninth Report of the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Woods, Forests and Land Revenues from 1861. Comprising the reports of Mr Gore and Mr Howard, they account for the management of the property of Queen Victoria under their charge. This includes leases of land or houses belonging to the crown situated across England, and also of coal and other minerals under the sea, adjacent to the English coast. However, like many of the parliamentary reports what is most interesting is the appendices.
The estates included in Mr. Gore's report are Eltham Estate, County of Kent, Horton Farm, County of Wilts, Humburton Estate, County of York, the Manor and Demesne Lands of Langton, County of Lincoln, Farm at Hodroyd and Heindley, County of York, and the Long Walk, Windsor Great Park. The appendices to Mr Gore's report include a schedule of Leases of Messuages, Tenements and Hereditaments for the year ending March 1861, schedules of sales, taxes, exchanges between the crown and individuals, rents, and a statement of his accounts. These schedules include the names of almost 200 people or companies who were involved in these transactions as well as descriptions of properties.
Mr Howard's report follows a similar format, covering a larger number of estates, including New Forest, County of Southampton, Dean Forest, County of Gloucester, Manor of Staunton, County of Gloucester, Salcey, County of Northampton, Woolmer, County of Southampton, Delamere, County of Chester, Forest of Epping, as well as crown properties in Scotland, Wales, Isle of Man and Ireland. There are the details of approximately another 500 individuals and companies in the appendices here, which are concluded with various statements of account and an index.
This publication provides a fascinating insight in to the management of Royal lands in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, as well as the sorts of people and companies the managers interacted with.
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Republished here is the immensely popular and hugely successful Johnson's Lives of Highwaymen and Pirates. First published in 1724 As a General History of the Robberies and Murders of the Most Notorious Pyrates and often abbreviated to A General History, the work had been republished and reissued many hundreds of times, down to the present day. This edition is known as the Dublin Tegg 'fourth edition' published in Dublin in 1839. This was the thirty-fifth time that the book had been published and this edition was based on 1813 Edinburgh release and carried the full title: The Lives and Actions of the Most Noted Highwaymen, Street-Robbers, Pirates, Etc.
The identity of the author, Captain Charles Johnson, and his authorship of Highwaymen & Pirates is shrouded in mystery and not a little controversy. While there is little dispute that there was no such person by the name of 'Captain Charles Johnson' this had led to much speculation about who the author really was. Highwaymen and Pirates demonstrates a knowledge of the sailor's speech and life, which to some people suggest that he could have been an actual sea captain. He could also have been a professional writer, well versed in the sea, using a pseudonym. This has led some to believe that he could have been the playwright Charles Johnson, who had an unsuccessful play the Successful Pyrate in 1712. This glamorized the career of Henry Avery and caused a scandal at the time for praising a convicted criminal. The American scholar and expert on the writings of Daniel Defoe claimed in 1934 that Defoe was actually the author of A General History and the influence and credibility of Moore led many to recatalogue A General History with Defoe's other known works. However, there is no documentary evidence linking Johnson to Defoe and the identity of Captain Johnson will probably remain a mystery adding to the compelling nature of the work.
The original publication was assembled using contemporary newspaper accounts, Admiralty Court Records and a number of interviews and as a result the work has become the most influential source in shaping conceptions of pirates and remains one of the prime sources for the biographies on some of the best-known pirates today.
This edition of Highwaymen and Pirates contains 512 printed pages, a dozen or so pen and ink sketches and is fully indexed. The Index contains the names of the highwaymen and pirates and and many names are annotated with one or two dagger marks. One dagger symbolised the fact that the individual had committed murder, two daggers that 'they were guilty of numerous or atrocious acts'. More than 120 biographical sketches of varying length are included in Highwaymen and Pirates and all of the best-known pirates are present and include to two infamous female pirates Ann Bonney and Mary Read.
Perhaps the best-known work ever published on pirates and highwaymen, Captain Johnson's The Lives and Actions of the Most Noted Highwaymen, Street-Robbers, Pirates, is not to be missed.
This title is a DOWNLOAD. Please click the link on the receipt to initiate the download. If you would prefer a version on CD-ROM to be posted to you, please select the option below. It will cost an additional 6.00 (ex VAT) which includes all postage charges.
Written by J.L. De Lolme, Advocate and Citizen of Geneva. Published 1822. First written in French and published in Holland this is the English translation.
An account of the English government in which it is compared to the republican form of government and the other monarchies in Europe.
The first part of the book is a survey of the various powers included in the English constitution and the laws both in civil and criminal cases. Part two is a view of the advantages of the English government and of the rights and liberties of the people. There is also confirmation by reference to facts of the principles contained within the work.
A candid description of English government in the early nineteenth century.
From the same series as the 1800 set below but there are many, many topics covered in these books that simply hadn't been dreamt about nearly seventy years earlier! Superb reference books which illustrate just how much the Victorian era changed everybody's lives through legislation.
An absolutely enormous set of five volumes, running to approximately 7,500 pages.
The laws of the time and how they applied to our ancestors. Absolutely fascinating in all respects!
Apprentices, bastardy, rights of settlement, transportation, vagrancy, servants, etc. - every possible subject and in great detail, organised in alphabetical order by subject. This is without doubt one of the most useful set of books that we have ever published on CD.
This is one of the most important resources that we have seen, and one that should be of great interest to all family historians. Published in 1772 it was the handbook of the duties and responsibilities of the Parish Officer.
It includes the duties of the overseers of the poor, the power in relieving, employing and settling, etc. of poor persons; the laws relating to the poor, and settlements, and the statutes concerning masters and servants. The right of Settlement was something that was of great concern to all of our ancestors. Basically, to be able to have right of settlement in a parish, one had to be born there, married there or serving an apprenticeship there. Proof was all-important, especially if a person became destitute and needed support from the parish. Parish officers would have people literally evicted and transported to another parish under such circumstances. What happened about bastardy? What obligations does an apprentice have to his master and vice-versa? This book describes it all, together with the supporting laws.
Other sections of the book include the authority and duty of constables, tithingmen, etc.; churchwardens, how they should be chosen, their duties, church accounts, repairing of churches, etc. There are some very interesting punishments for not attending church and keeping to the rules! There is a section on surveying the highways, Scavengers, methods of taxation of the highways, and laws. And finally, the duties and powers of Watchmen.
A fascinating history of steam engines containing information about the use of steam powered engines in everything from the cotton mills to locomotives.
The harnessing of steam power completely revoutionised the whole world of industry and transport and would have affected virtually all of our ancestors in some way. This type of book helps you to understand the world our forebears lived in and how events impacted upon their lives.
Malcolm C Salaman traces the art of copper plate engraving through the most interesting period of its history, from its introduction in the middle of the sixteenth century to its climax at the end of the eighteenth.
From the preface
There is a charm about old prints quite apart from their quality as engravings. They are links of intimacy with bygone times. The printed page may stir us with vivid passages of history, or quicken our imaginations with the social sidelight or the contemporary gossip of personal or fashionable import, but the prints of the period bring us at once eye to eye with the people themselves. In a word the prints revive for us the human atmosphere of a past age.
In 1873 there was a national survey of all land owners covering all of the counties in England (and Wales). All those who owned 1 acre or more were listed in this government publication, together with the address/location, the amount of land and its value. (The survey did not include central London, although of course, the majority of the areas of counties such as Middlesex, Surrey, etc. are included).
Therefore these immense volumes prodvide an invaluable source of information for historians and genealogists.
Each county volume is available on a separate CD (see the relevant county page in the catalogue).
This product is the combined edition covering all English counties (includes Monmouthshire).
Transcripts from civil court cases of genealogical and heraldic interest from incredibly rare documents. In some cases the full details of the case are given, however the main content describes the people involved and their circumstances. For example:
MASCALL v. SOLE 22 August 1637.
1. Abraham Tomlyn of Sevenoaks, co. Kent, miller; lived there for 20 years; born at Marwood co. Kent, aged 30.
2. Joan Gardner, wife of John gardner of Rethered, co. Kent, blacksmith; lived there for 5 years; born at Wadhurst, co Sussex; aged 30
3. Robert Hide of Rethered, innholder; lived there for 5 years; born at Rolvenden, co Kent aged 35.
4. Edmund Puttenden of Sevenoaks, innholder; lived there for 7 years, born at Rolvended; aged 40
Other people named in this one case were from Gloucestershire and Sussex with occupations such as cordwainer. There are many, many ordinary people here, from all parts of the country, all of them easy to find due to the superb index.
Kindly loaned by The Harleian Society.
Published in 1984 to commemorate the five-hundredth anniversay of the first incorporation of the College of Arms, this is an anthology of the texts of the royal letters patent granted to the College together with constitutional documents relating to the College, the Earl Marshal and the Officers of Arms.
An excellent book for family historians researching the background of arguably the most important aspect of their research... the meaning and origin of the very names that they are researching.
The author explores many different avenues, patronymic, local and occupational surnames, names of office and even nicknames as well as instances of names.
1820 John Gifford
A fabulous reference book which covers all aspects of the law, taxes and legal processes at the time of its publication in 1820. It gives details of laws, taxes, and statutes that *all* of our ancestors were subject to and the penalties which they could expect to receive if those laws were broken.
Details pertaining to the poor laws and parish settlement, matrimonial, libel, bankruptcy, wills and many, many other subjects are covered. Every species of public offences and their punishments are covered (a great many of the punishments involve either death or a very long priod of transportation) plus details of every single tax applicable, even 'hair powder tax'!
In the appendix is a section which shows various sample contracts that people would have signed when renting a house or land.
With over 800 pages of invaluable information this is an absolutely superb book and one which should be in the collection of all family historians, without exception.
The IDEAL companion to 'The Complete Parish Officer' as detailed below.
Published in 1910 a superb account of the good works of The Salvation Army written by the great novelist H. Rider Haggard (author of King Solomon's Mines).
Details of the shelters for the poor and homeless, work with ex-convicts, assisted emigration, and many, many other subjects.
"A complete and authentic account of all of the fairs in England and Wales, as they have been settled to be held since the alteration of the style. Noting likewise the commodities which each fair is remarkable for furnishing; also the days on which markets are respectively held; with the distances from London; and the number of Members which each place sends to Parliament."
e.g. "Newark: Friday in Midlent, May 14, Whit-Tuesday, Aug. 2, and every other Wednesday, for cattle and sheep. Nov. 1 for horses, cattle, sheep, pigs, linen and woollen cloth. Monday before Dec. 11 horses, cattle, sheep and pigs."
In 1831 an Act of Parliament was passed "for taking an account of the population of Great Britain, and of the increase or dimunition thereof".
A survey was taken of the England, Wales and the offshore islands (excluding Scotland and Ireland) of all parish registers to count the number of baptisms, marriages and burials from the year 1821 to 1830. The government then published the results of this survey in 1833
This rare book contains the results for each county:
Tables of the number of baptisms, marriages and burials (male and female) in each district (hundred).
Lists of pre 1813 registers in each parish (with dates of the registers)
Chart with the county summary of baptisms, marriages and burials
Ages of the persons buried in the county (1813 to 1830) (Deaths by age)
Table of mortality rates (living & died, male and female and by percentage)
Proportion of burials to the population ((1801 to 1830)
Report on increase in population 1801-1811, 1811-1821, 1821-1831
County map with population figures and baptism, marriage, burial numbers (1801, 1811, 1821 & 1831) for each district (hundred).
There is also a fascinating report on the number and proportion of illegitimate children in 1830. Radnor featuring worst with one in seven births being illegitimate (100), Pembrokeshire 1 in 8 (210), Glamorgan 1 in 10 (275); and at the other end of the scale, Middlesex with 1 in 38 (905) being illegitimate.
This excellent book of 500 large format pages will be of immense interest to genealogists and historians, especially those studying the development of the population of England and Wales during the early part of the 1800s.
A fabulous collection of articles, letters, biographies and other material relating to all manner of events and people in 1832, this is one of those books which one can open at random and instantly become engrossed.
Some of the subjects covered seem extremely strange indeed but the whole point of a book such as this is that it gives one a fascinating glimpse of what society was like and the kind of things that will have impacted on our ancestors' lives.
After completing his 'Every Day Book' Hone undertook this work which is a fascinating series of articles on just about every subject imaginable. For instance;
'Barbers are distinguished by peculiarities appertaining to no other class of men. They have a caste, and are a race of themselves. The members of this ancient and gentle profession - foul befall the libeller who shall designate it a trade - are mild, peaceable, cheerful, polite and communicative............'
Tommy Bell of Houghton-le-Spring, Durham.
'This is an eccentric, good-humoured character - a lover of the chirruping cup - and a favourite of the pitmen of Durham.'
This is one of those books that will never fail to entertain the reader.
In the years 1876 and 1877, two orders were passed in the House of Commons, that a Return should be made of the names of every Member of Parliament of England [and Wales], Scotland and Ireland "from so remote a Period as can be obtained" up to the present day. This was duly carried out, and an official government publication was printed in two volumes in 1878.
Here we have those two volumes, which describe, for each year's Parliament, in county order, the names of those members, the date of the return, and the county, city, borough or place served. Each of these huge volumes contains over 600 pages of small print in two columns.
Part 1: Parliaments of England 1213-1702
Part 2: Parliaments of Great Britain 1707-1796; Parliaments of The United Kingdom 1801-1874; Parliaments and Conventions of the Estates of Scotland 1357-1707; Parliaments of Ireland 1559-1800.
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