Government census taking began in the early nineteenth century in Ireland. The first, and partial, census was carried out in 1813. This was followed in 1821 with the first complete countrywide census on 28 May. A new census was taken every 10 years after this date, up to 1911. The census for 1921 was never carried out because of the disarray caused by the War of Independence. Censuses for what is now the Republic of Ireland began in 1926.
The aim of the census was to understand the size and make-up of the Irish population to better inform government policy. As a consequence the range of questions asked, and information gathered, in each of the census returns 1821-1911 varied. In general they got progressively more detailed as new issues were felt important enough to analyse statistically.
The majority of Irish census returns from the nineteenth century were destroyed. The 1861-91 census returns were officially destroyed in their entirety, partly because of paper shortages at the outbreak of the World War in 1914. Earlier returns (1813-51) were mostly destroyed with the destruction of the Public Record Office at the outset of the Civil War in 1922.
But the statistical results from all these census returns were compiled into tables and printed for circulation among civil servants and politicians. From 1851 to 1911 these statistical tables and accompanying analysis were printed in a volume for each county for each year. It is these county reports that are reproduced here on CD-ROM or digital download.
Initially these tables recorded the numbers, ages and gender of the population by townland, civil parish and barony. These figures are important as they describe the changing circumstances of each district in Ireland and provide contextual information for family and social history. The reports usually list the change in population over the previous 10 years, so at a glance you can see the impact of the Famine in the 1851 reports. From 1871 the information gathered increased dramatically, and tables of statistics concerning "conjugal condition" (i.e. marital status), occupation, location of birth, disability, religious profession, education, emigration and foreigners appear.
The reports are far more than dry statistical tables. With this information the experience and composition of a townland can be tracked over the decades. Families and individuals were part of a wider townland community, and knowing that history can help researchers assess the social environment of a family. This provides essential background and context for any family history.
This collection of official census reports for County Wicklow includes the following years: 1851, 1861, 1871 and 1911. Together these reports come to 266 pages.
This title is a DOWNLOAD title only. Consequently there is no postage charge. Just follow the LINK ON THE RECEIPT after you have completed payment to get the file. You will have 24 hours to download this item.
Previous to the establishment of the Irish Public Records Office (PRO), by an 1867 statute (30 & 31 Vict., c. 70), Ireland's public records were located in a variety of repositories throughout the country. Many of the records were perilously stored in unsuitable conditions, and on the opening of the PRO, records were progressively transferred to the new repository, for safe keeping. Each year, between 1869 and 1920 (and less frequently thereafter), the Office published an annual report, known as the Deputy Keeper's Report, which detailed the records received, and the work undertaken, during the previous twelve months. Though little known, these reports can contain useful source material for the historical researcher. Although the reports were usually brief, they often contained copious appendices, which can be especially useful. This is particularly the case, bearing in mind the destruction of the PRO during the Irish Civil War, so the Deputy Keeper's reports now often represent the only record of lost primary source material.
Some of the more useful of these reports for the genealogist or local historian are the volumes which contain indexes to the Grant Books and original wills of the Dublin diocesan court. That diocese is very expansive, covering all of County Dublin, most of County Wicklow, large stretches of east and south Kildare, and lesser parts of Counties Carlow, Queen's and Wexford. Previous to 1858 (20 & 21 Vict., c. 79), responsibility for testamentary jurisdiction (adjudication on disputes regarding succession and matrimony) lay with the Anglican ecclesiastical authorities, and, hence, items such as wills, probate issues, and marriage licences and bonds had to be registered with each diocese's Consitorial Court. Once registered with the court, the will or bond was indexed, since it might subsequently be required, in the event of a dispute. With the increased interest in genealogy during the latter half of the nineteenth century, these various copious indexes attracted the attention of researchers, and many were published. Indexes to the Dublin Grant Books were published in more than 2,200 pages, in appendices to two volumes of the Deputy Keeper's reports, with one appendix (vol. xxvi) covering the period before 1799, and the other appendix covering the post-1800 period (vol. xxx). When the pre-1800 index was being prepared, some of the original manuscripts were missing, so that index was part-compiled from a previously-made transcription. Later, the original manuscripts were located, and corrections to the pre-1800 index were subsequently published (vol. xxxi, pp 39-82). In total, the combined indexes contain more than 125,000 entries, and even more names.
The indexes are presented in a convenient, four-column format, although the data in the fourth column is now superfluous. The first column, ordered alphabetically, by surname, contains details of the name and address of the person(s) named in the record, and often also contains ancillary information, including, usefully, occupations. The second column records the year in which the record was registered with the Court, and the third column indicates the nature of the record. Users are advised that an explanation of the contractions used in the third column is provided in the brief introduction to both indexes, and it is strongly advised that the introduction to either index is read before the source is used. Although the data presented in the indexes is limited, the lists have an added significance for the genealogist or social historian, because most of the original records were located in the PRO in 1922, and were consequently lost. Thus, these indexes now represent the only record of events which could otherwise not now be identifiable.
These indexes are now being made available in electronic format for the first time. Three CDs are available. One contains the pre-1800 index and the subsequent corrections (appendices to vols xxvi and xxxi), and a second contains the data from 1800 to 1858 (appendix to vol. xxx). The third CD contains the complete set of indexes, running from c. 1634 to 1858, and also includes the corrections to the pre-1800 data. Although the data is alphabetically presented, and is easily navigable, this publication has been made fully searchable, as an added convenience for the user. These CDs are highly recommended for researchers who are involved either in genealogical/family-history research or in studying the social history of Dublin, and east Ireland.
This title contains all the indexes up to 1858, to order the specific volumes (1634-1799 or 1800-1858), please see Wills page.
This is one of earliest full commercial directories of Ireland, and includes over 220 urban centres throughout the island. Organised by Province, and then town, it lists all the principal office holders, gentry, professionals, tradesmen, hotels, schools, public institutions, churches, and even pubs for each town in Ireland. There is a description of each Province and town as well. This was Pigot's much-expanded second edition (the previous version dated 1820) and is now extremely rare.
This title includes the Introductory sections, and the Dublin & Leinster sections only.
Lewis gives details about every parish, town and village in Ireland, including numbers of inhabitants, the economy, history, topography, religion and parish structures, administration and courts, schools, and much more. He also gives the names of the principal inhabitants (generally landlords, merchants and professionals).
This Dictionary is in four parts:
· Preface & Subscribers
· Volume 1: A-G
· Volume 2: H-Z
· Volume 3: Maps
The Maps are in full colour, making this source one of the most important for research on Ireland.
This superb book includes a full commercial directory for the entire country. Organised by Province, and then town, it lists all the principal office holders, gentry, professionals, trades, hotels, schools, public institutions, churches, and even pubs for each town in Ireland. Slater took over Pigot's important publication of commercial directories of Ireland, and this was the first instalment. It has almost twice as much detail as its predecessor (published in 1824), and is now an extremely rare item.
For those familiar with the study of Irish history and in particular Irish genealogy, directories such as Slater's are a vital research tool. Each town and village contained in the Directory is introduced by its geographical location in relation to its nearest railway station together with population statistics derived from the 1861 Census of Ireland as well as a brief geographical and topographical description. The Directory provides the names and addresses of the principal private residents, together with those engaged in commercial and agricultural activity as well as the presence and location of religious, commercial and public institutions.
This publication reproduces just the Province of Leinster & Dublin city sections of Slater's 1870 Royal National Directory of Ireland. This directory is one of only nine national directories for Ireland published prior to 1900 and an essential research tool for the study of Irish genealogy and history.
This superb book includes a full commercial directory for the entire country. Organised by Province, and then town, it lists all the principal office holders, gentry, professionals, trades, hotels, schools, public institutions, churches, and even pubs for each town in Ireland.
This is the third edition of Slaters, for the year 1881, and contains 1,580 pages of information including a large-scale map of Ireland.
Published by HMSO from evidence given to both house of Parliament in February 1893 by Assistant Commissioner W. O. O'Brien, the full title of this publication gives some idea as to its nature and scope:
'Royal Commission on Labour: The Agricultural Labourer. Vol. IV. Ireland, Part II, Reports by Mr. W. P. O'Brien C.B., (Assistant Commissioner) upon certain selected districts in counties Carlow, Cork, Clare, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, King's, Limerick, Queen's, Tipperary, Waterford, Wexford and Wicklow'.
In fact, the information presented in the 138 Report was taken from the Commissions Surveys of eleven Poor Law Unions, namely Kenmare, Kanturk, Nass, Ennistymon, Cashel, Wexford, Lismore, Thomastown, Kilmallock, Mountmellick and Carlow and is one of a number of similar reports into the state of agricultural labourers that taken together are the most comprehensive survey of the condition of agricultural labourers undertaken; the Commission undertook inquiries into 41 aspects of the lives of Irish labourers. This evidence was derived from a plethora of sources, which give both this and the Commissions conclusions great validity. Amongst the sources from which evidence was garnered were secretaries of local labour leagues, land agents, independent witnesses, Poor Law Union Guardians, parish priests as well as personal interviews by the Commissioner and his agents. These interviews included visiting labourers' cottages in each of the subdistricts of the unions surveyed and much of the firsthand evidence gathered revealed the depressing conditions experienced by the rural and urban labourer alike.
The scope of the Commission's inquiry was as far-reaching as were its final conclusions. The specific areas of inquiry were as follows: supply of labourer; immigration; conditions of engagement; terms of engagement; hours of labour and meal times; Sunday work; wages and earnings; piece work; mode of payment; prerequisites and allowances; wages earned and other employments; estimated annual earnings; diet of labourers and their families; cottage accommodation; suggested amendments to Labourer's Acts as well as a plethora of evidence as to way and means of improving labourers wages, housing and conditions; garden allotments, cultivation plots and allotments for town labourers; live stock, bee industry, cow runs and pastures; benefit societies, trade unions, relations between employer and employee; general condition of town and agricultural labourers; age and size of families and the effect of early marriages and large families.
In short, the Commission probed into every conceivable aspect of labourer's lives and probably extended its scope beyond its original remit by inquiring into the conditions and circumstances of town labourers, miners and women labourers both town and country. Taken as a whole the 1893 Royal Commission on Labour provides provides some of the best social, economic and historical data available for the labouring classes of Ireland towards the end of the 19th century and will be a useful time for academics and those simply interested in the socio-economic conditions experienced by much of the population of Ireland in the 1890s.
This title is a DOWNLOAD. Please click the link on the receipt to initiate the download. If you would prefer a version on CD-ROM to be posted to you, please select the option below. It will cost an additional 6.00 (ex VAT) which includes all postage charges.
Buy the Compendium with all four volumes and save €12
This publication reproduces just the Province of Leinster & Dublin city sections of Slater's 1894 Royal National Directory of Ireland. This directory is one of only nine national directories for Ireland published prior to 1900. Apart from the fulsome coverage given-over to Ireland's four major cities, Slater's also provides information on the principal private and commercial residents (including farmers) of the larger towns and villages. As a fully searchable CD-Rom, the publication of Slater's Royal National Directory of Ireland is an essential research aid that must grace the shelves of anybody interested in the people and institutions of Ireland.
For the first time, the works of one of Irelands most eminent researchers of gravestone inscriptions have been collected into one publication. Over a twenty-five year period, 1966-1990, Brian J. Cantwell visited over 500 sites and recorded many thousands of memorials (with dates up to 1900). His work includes all of Wexford and Wicklow, large parts of South County Dublin, much of West Clare, as well as parts of Cork, Kildare, Galway and Sligo. This work has now been compiled and edited by his son, Ian Cantwell. This CD-ROM includes:
· Memorials from 546 sites
· Over 4,000 pages of transcripts
· 24,392 memorials
· The names of 67,297 people
· Extensive original indexes
· Introductory Biography, indexes and statistical analysis by Ian Cantwell
This CD-ROM features copies of the original typescript pages of Brians work as well as some of his other published works in an easily searchable format. Also included are original photographs taken by Brian, as well as some of his private correspondences and an excellent guide he wrote for the R.S.A.I. on transcribing gravestone inscriptions. System requirements
New Releases every month. Subscribe to our newsletter. Click here.